Mercedes-Benz S-Class W220 (1999 - 2005)
Last updated 11 February 2014
Galvanised body has 30-year warranty and car carries 30-year MB Mobilo roadside assistance (**but see ''What's Bad').
Nice looking, beautifully built, unaggressively styled big cars.
Sensible engine range from S280 through To S600. Smaller 280 and 320 are V6s.
Rack and pinion steering gives good road feel and makes the cars much better to drive then 140 Series without sacrificing ride comfort.
Excellent 'Tipfunction' side-flick manual control over 5-speed automatic. S320 V6 is just about adequate. 430 V8 probably the best compromise.
Nothing better as a quiet, refined 140 mph Autobahn cruiser.
Straight-six S320CDI diesel arrived in UK in Spring 2000 with 197 bhp and 347lb ft torque giving 143 mph or 35 mpg.
V8 S400 CDI has 247 bhp and a staggering 414 lb ft giving 155mph or 30mpg. Not unreasonably priced for what you get. Probably the best car in the world from 1999 to 2001 after which it is only supplanted by the new W211 E500.
S and T reg cars came 19th in 2001 Top Gear / JD Power Customer Satisfaction Survey. MB had fifth lowest average cost in warranty claims for cars up to 10 years old in 2002 Warranty Direct index. MB generally 9th lowest average warranty repair costs in 2003 Warranty Direct Reliability index (index 70.79 v/s lowest 31.93)
What to watch out for
**By 2009 MB was resisting claims for rusting bodies and bubbing paint under this warranty.
Sadly no RHD versions of the brilliantly surefooted S500 4-Matic four wheel drive.
Not a lot of boot space for such a big car.
Huge options list could increase new price considerably, and spec needs to be checked carefully when buying second-hand.
There may be a problem with the engine mounts of older S320CDI diesels and has been criticism of false alarms from dashboard oil light.
Tinkling sound which rises with revs on 320CDI is from ceramic matrix of catalytic converter.
7-speed G-Tronic with smaller engines can hunt badly at half throttle cruising.
3.0 V6 320CDI is not as economical as previous 3.2 straight six 320CDI.
SADLY, THESE GREAT CARS DEVELOPED A LOT OF FAULTS, TURNING THEM INTO POTENTIAL MONEYPITS.
Niggling build-quality problems on first generation cars. Make sure every electic/electronic gizmo works as it should.
If it's an import you don't get the same warranty so should allow for that and lower resale values in what you pay.
VITAL to keep ventilation plenum chamber drains clear of debris, or water overflows wetting carpets, vent blower motor and wiring loom causing shorts and sometimes necessitating a new loom. (The ventilation plenum chamber is the well in the bulkhead beneath the grille in front of the windscreen through which fresh air enters the car. It's open to the elements, so rainwater should flow freely through it, but won't if the drains either side are blocked. If that happens the rainwater will have nowhere to go except into the car.)
If buying used, CHECK ALL ELECTRICS and feel for damp front footwell carpets.
Rust is a big problem with these cars. Mobilo 30 year warranty against perforated bodywork states "From the 5th year onwards the car should have been serviced by an authorised Mercedes Benz workshop within the last 2 years prior to the damage being repaired". If not attended to, expect perforated rear wheel arches, door bottoms, etc.
Cars fitted with self-levelling suspension are prone to running down their batteries after a long ferry trip or after being left parked for a prolonged period in windy conditions because the system attempts to compensate for movement of the ship or being blown by the wind.
Locking system prone to failure. Cure may be to replace the EIS control unit. Typical cost:- part £309, labour £127.50, VAT £76.39, Total £512.88.
'Straight 6' 3.2 litre CDI engine had a common problem with premature injector failure at as little as 60,000 miles. Replacement injectors are about £300-£400 each, plus fitting and calibrating to the ECU - an expensive repair if they all need replaced at about the same time. Another common problem with the earlier engine is apparent failure of the injector 'fire seals', which allows soot and carbon to basically 'weld' the injector into the cylinder head. If a faulty injector cannot be removed then the cylinder head would have to be replaced.
Another common fault of C-class and other Mercedes diesels is failure of injector seals, allowing fuel/air mixture to be deposited as carbon on top of the engine. The problem can be identified by the smell of neat fuel (like paraffin) entering the passenger cabin, and a "chuffing" sound from the top of the affected cylinder as gas escapes on the compression stroke. Apparently it is so common it has been given the name "black death" within the Mercedes dealerships. Unless spotted early, and seals reground and replaced, the cost of fixing can be up to £500
By 2007 you could get a 1999 car for £5,000.
Circuits are not protected. So if the alternator overcharges, it can send a spike through the ECU and up to 7 SAM units in series and it can be a matter of replacing them one by one to find out which have fried and which have not. An alternator overcharge can also open circuit the starter motor so it doesn't turn off when the engine starts. And can spike the engine temp sensor on the basis of which the ECU decided the fuelling. The cost of fixing all this at MB rates can easily exceed the value of the car.
22-6-2012: Rear air suspension highly prone to collapse and if this happens the cost of rectification is usually far greater than the value of the car.
20-10-2013: Torque converter failure on 73,000 mile 2006 S-Class, possibly through failure to change ATF.
8/8/2000: 780 new S Class built 1/2000 to 5/2000 recalled because water from plenum chamber can cause a short circuit which could result in the heater blower motor regulator overheating which could lead to charring and smouldering. Blower motor regulator units to be replaced. But the culprits are the plenum chamber drains.
16-11/2005: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has begun an investigation into recent versions of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class for a potential problem with the vehicle's gauges. The Associated Press reports that the S-Class sedans from the 2000 and 2001 model years are the subject of complaints to the NHTSA that their speedometers and fuel gauges have failed to light. Seven complaints have been logged with the agency, and 72,000 S-Classes are being investigated for the problem, which could become a full recall if the agency determines the problem to be a flaw in the vehicle's design. (Thanks to www.just-auto.com)
JULY 2005 TSB TO AMERICAN MERCEDES CENTRES. AFFECTS TOTAL OF 368,836 MODELS 163, 202, 208 210 WITH ENGINES 112, MODELS 129, 163, 202, 208 210 215, 220 WITH ENGINES 113, MODEL YEARS 1998 – 2000; MODEL 170 WITH ENGINE 112, MODEL YEAR 2001. Inspect and if necessary replace harmonic balancer pulley which can cause a vibration and eventually separate, damaging the timing chain cover and possibly the sump.